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Understanding Pennsylvania’s curriculum requirements is key to ensuring a comprehensive and enriching education for your child. This guide delves into the specific subjects mandated by Pennsylvania law for homeschoolers, offering insights to help you craft an educational experience that not only complies with legal standards but also fosters a love of learning. From the basics of elementary education to the complexities of secondary schooling, we’ll explore each subject in detail, providing you with the tools and knowledge to confidently guide your child’s educational path.

Elementary Education Subjects (Grades 1-6)

English: Focus on developing fundamental skills in reading, writing, and spelling. This includes building vocabulary, understanding basic grammar, and fostering early writing skills through creative and informational writing exercises.

Mathematics: Cover basic arithmetic (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division), introduction to fractions and decimals, and foundational geometry concepts. Emphasis on understanding numbers and developing problem-solving skills.

Science: Introduction to scientific concepts such as the life cycle, basic earth science, and simple physical science principles. Encourage curiosity and observation skills through experiments and exploration of the natural world.

Geography: Basic knowledge of world and U.S. geography, including understanding maps, continents, oceans, and an introduction to different cultures and environments.

History of the United States and Pennsylvania: Cover significant events and figures in U.S. and Pennsylvania history. Foster an understanding of historical timelines and the state’s role in national history.

Civics: Basic principles of U.S. and Pennsylvania government structure and civic responsibilities. Introduce concepts of democracy and citizen participation in governance.

Safety Education: Teach regular and emergency safety procedures, including personal safety, road safety, and basic first aid.

Health and Physiology: Basic understanding of human body, health habits, nutrition, and physical well-being.

Physical Education: Activities aimed at developing physical fitness, coordination, and team play. Include a variety of sports and exercises to promote a healthy lifestyle.

Music and Art: Introduction to basic elements of music and art. Encourage creativity through drawing, painting, and simple musical instruments. Exposure to various art forms and music genres.

Secondary Education Subjects (Grades 7-12)

English: Advanced literature study, comprehensive writing skills including essay writing, and development of public speaking skills. Emphasis on critical reading and analysis.

Mathematics: Algebra, geometry, and introduction to more advanced topics like trigonometry or calculus. Focus on problem-solving and logical reasoning skills.

Science: In-depth study of biology, chemistry, physics, and environmental science. Labs and experiments to understand scientific methods and concepts.

Geography: Advanced study of physical and human geography. Understanding of global issues, climate, and cultural diversity.

Social Studies: In-depth study of history, including world history, U.S. history, and Pennsylvania history. Understanding of economics and political science.

Health and Physical Education: Advanced health topics including wellness, fitness, and lifestyle choices. Physical education should include a variety of physical activities and sports.

Music and Art: Advanced study in music theory, history, and practice. Art education to include a deeper understanding of different art forms, techniques, and art history.

World History: Comprehensive study of global historical events, cultures, and civilizations. Emphasis on understanding historical context and its impact on the modern world.

Safety Education: Advanced safety education, including first aid, CPR, and fire safety. Understanding of personal and community safety practices.

Electives: Opportunity to explore specialized subjects of interest, such as foreign languages, advanced sciences, or vocational training.


Balancing the state’s guidelines with your child’s individual needs ensures a robust and enriching learning experience. To comply with state regulations, remember to include your curriculum plan when submitting your notarized affidavit to your local school district at the beginning of each school year. This step is crucial for notifying the state about the subjects you are teaching, ensuring that your homeschooling program aligns with Pennsylvania’s educational standards. Embrace this journey with confidence, knowing you are providing a well-rounded education tailored to your child’s growth and curiosity.